Auto accident checklist: Tips on what to do following a car accident

Auto accident checklist: Tips on what to do following a car accident

Hopefully you will never be involved in an auto accident or need to file an insurance claim. Even the most careful and skilled drivers, however, can easily find themselves in the middle of a crash. Would you know what to do? Knowledge of what to do after the car accident can help make the insurance claims process easier and smoother so that you are back on the road faster.car accident attorney

If you are in an auto accident:

1. Try to stay calm, stop your vehicle and check for injuries. The life and health of you, your passengers and the other people involved in the accident is far more important than the vehicle itself.

2. If required, call the police and let them know of the accident, your location, how many people are involved, whether there are injuries and the types of injuries.

3. You may wish to take reasonable steps to protect yourself, and your vehicle, from further damage. Where possible and if legal, move the autos to the side of the road and turn on your hazards as soon as it is safe. If you have flares, you may wish to use them to warn oncoming traffic and to prevent additional crashes.

4. Taking lots of notes is a good practice, like:

ï the date, time and location of the accident
ï how the accident occurred sometimes a drawing is worth a thousand words and can help enhance what youíve noted
ï the type and location of damage to your car
ï the type and location of damage to the other cars or property involved
ï the names, addresses and contact information of all drivers and passengers involved in the accident
ï drivers license numbers and all the information on the licenses
ï insurance identifications including the name of the insurance company and policy number
ï the names, addresses and contact information of witnesses
ï the names and badge numbers of police officers or other first response personnel

(Being able to take notes is important so keep a pen and pad in your glove compartment, just in case.)

5. You may wish to ask the police officer when and where you can get a copy of the accident report. There’s a good chance you will need it when you submit your insurance claim to your insurer.personal injury lawyers

6. Its usually a good idea to call your insurance company right away and report the accident because the sooner they know about the crash the quicker they can start working to resolve your insurance claim. As well, they’ll be able to explain the next steps, like where to have the car towed if necessary and arrange for an adjuster to come out and appraise the damage before any repair work is done.

7. There are a couple of don’t you might want to consider like don’t discuss the financial limits of your auto insurance policy and avoid discussing the responsibility for the accident or circumstances of the accident with anyone other than the police or a representative of your insurance company.

Auto accidents take a significant toll on everyone involved. But, if you stay calm, make safety your priority and follow the above tips, you will get through the ordeal of being in an accident and submitting an insurance claim.

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Adult treatment – Invisalign and beyond

Adult treatment – Invisalign and beyond

As an adult, you decide that you want to have the beautiful smile you have always dreamed of. Maybe you missed out on braces as a child; perhaps your teeth looked fine for years, but have worsened over time; perhaps you had braces, but didn’t wear your retainers? Whatever the reason, let us show you how your smile can be improved.

First step – straighten crooked teeth
This is what we do at Invisible Braces. Using Invisible Braces (Invisalign) we can treat crowding, spacing, crossbites, overbites, overjets, open bites, etc.

Some before and after examples:orthodontists

On average, straightening teeth with Invisible Braces (Invisalign) takes 12-18 months. This is then followed by night-time wear of retainers to hold the teeth in their new positions.

For detailed information about Invisalign Invisible Braces, please visit our FAQ page.

What else can be done?
For many patients, that is all that is needed, but for some there is much more that can be done to make the resulting smile even better. Orthodontists do not work alone – we collaborate with the patient and their dentist to achieve the best result possible. It depends what you want.

Here are examples showing how dentistry can improve your smile, even if you now have straight teeth. These would usually be discussed at your initial consultation in our practice.

Yellowed teeth – can be bleached

Gum disease – needs periodontics

Worn/broken teeth – need repair

Calculus/tartar build-up – needs professional cleaning

1. Bleaching
A simple, safe way to improve the colour of stained or discoloured teeth. You can use your Invisalign Aligners or your retainers to bleach your teeth at home. Bleaching usually takes 1-2 weeks, and lasts 1-5 years between applications.

We can supply, and advise about bleaching products.

2. Gum disease
This is not a single problem, and can range from simple redness and swelling (gingivitis):

to severe periodontitis with bone loss, requiring specialist treatment by a periodontist:

This type of problem can be improved by grafting and other specialist techniques.

For detailed information read these articles from the U.S. National Library of Medicine or the Australian Dental Association (open in new windows).

3. Scaling
Hard deposits called ‘calculus’ form on most people’s teeth, especially around the lower incisors and the upper molars. These range in colour from whitish, to yellow, to black. They are normal – but must be removed.

Brushing will not remove or prevent the formation of calculus (tartar), nor will special toothpastes. Good oral hygiene will reduce the rate of calculus formation.

Once calculus/tartar is present, it needs to be removed professionally by your dentist or hygienist. Usually this will be done, as needed, at your regular dental check up, along with polishing to remove stains.

If left, the light coloured calculus that forms above the gums will lead to gingivitis, and the dark calculus below the gums will cause periodontitis. See Gum diseases above.

4. Cosmetic Dentistry
This is a topic which includes all the above treatments, plus veneers, crowns (caps), bridges, implants, bonding, reshaping, etc – in fact, everything that could be done to make your teeth look better.

It is not possible to cover all this, but here are a few examples.

Repairing worn or chipped teeth

The enamel on the outside of your teeth is very strong (the hardest part of the body) but it is brittle, like glass. Over time enamel can chip or wear down, especially if you grind your teeth or have a bad bite.

After your teeth are straight, your general dentist can smooth or repair these damaged areas with tooth coloured fillings, by bonding or filing.

Reshaping
Here, a small tooth, called a ‘peg lateral’, has been built up to the correct size with a veneer:

If you look closely, you will see that the larger tooth to the left has been smoothed down to improve its shape also.

Veneering
In this example, a discoloured, misshapen tooth has been veneered to improve its colour and shape.
The yellow/brown colour indicates a dead tooth – probably from trauma.

Non-vital bleaching

Sometimes bleaching alone is enough, but this has to be carried out by your dentist

Bleach is placed in the hole in the back of the dead tooth, where the nerve used to be.

5. Replace missing teeth
Missing teeth should be replaced for health as well as looks. Back teeth are essential for good chewing, better digestion, and healthy jaws and muscles. Front teeth are obviously important for aesthetics, but also contribute to good oral health.

There are several options to replace missing teeth, and these should be discussed with your general dentist, or a prosthodontist. Here is a simplified illustration showing two ways to replace a missing back tooth:

6. And beyond?
Beyond the realms of normal dentistry, there are other options to improve your smile, ranging from simple injections of cosmetic fillers or Botox, up to Plastic or Maxillo-Facial Surgery. As a specialist orthodontist these are not procedures we carry out, but we can advise you and provide recommendations or referrals.

For more information, the U.S. National Library of Medicine is a good place to start. Here are some other useful links:

American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

A pdf publication by the Australian Society of Orthodontists

General orthodontic information from the Australian Society of Orthodontists

and from the American Association of Orthodontists

and, finally, a blog about being an Invisalign patient, http://myinvisalignblog.com/about-me

A smile makeover can change the way you look at and to the world. Here are a few “celebrities” before and after.

But don’t overdo things, blindingly white teeth are not found in nature.

Now you know all about how to make a smile better, here is your homework. What can be done for this patient?

Don’t worry – he’s not a real patient. Just a professional photographic model!

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Truck Accidents and Liability Issues – Who Pays

Truck Accidents and Liability Issues – Who Pays

Texas truck accident cases can seem very overwhelming because there is so much confusion over who is liable. personal injury attorneys

Is it the truck driver? The truck driver’s employer? Or some third party you are not even aware of?

Our experienced Texas injury attorneys can help you identify the responsible parties and prove your case.

Blood v. VH-1 Music First is a case arising from a car accident caused by a commercial truck. Dennis Hernandez (Hernandez) was a commercial truck driver for MTV Networks. While he was traveling northbound on I-57 in Illinois he approached traffic. In an attempt to avoid getting stuck in the traffic jam, Hernandez crossed the center median of the highway to get onto I-57 northbound. This u-turn on the highway caused a severe accident that left a four to five mile traffic jam starting where Hernandez made the u-turn causing the severe three car accident.

Four hours after the accident, traffic was still jammed because of the accident caused by the driver. Brothers Paul and David Blood (plaintiffs) were driving on I-57 in their vehicle when they approached the beginning of the traffic jam. Behind the blood car a T.E.A.M Logistics (Logistics) truck driven by Milinko Cukovic (Cukovic) came and smashed into the pack of the plaintiff’s car. This impact left David Blood seriously injured and Paul Blood deceased.

The Blood family filed personal injury lawsuits against Cukovic, and T.E.A.M Logistics. Logistics removed the case to federal court and entered a third-party complaint against Hernandez, MTV Networks and VH-1 Music First (Hernandez defendants). Logistics argued that because of the negligence of the Hernandez defendants which caused the first accident, the second accident occurred. The plaintiffs then added the Hernandez defendants in an amended complaint.

In order to prove a case for negligence, the plaintiff must prove by a preponderance of the evidence the four elements of negligence. The four elements of negligence are: the defendant had a specific duty of care; the defendant breached this duty of care; the defendant’s breach was the actual and proximate cause of the plaintiff’s injuries; and there are damages.

Upon hearing the case, the district court entered summary judgment for the Hernandez defendants. This district court found that the Hernandez defendants were not the proximate cause of the injuries the plaintiff’s sustained. The plaintiff’s appealed this case to the circuit court.

This court first analyzed the validity of the lower courts summary judgment. The only time summary judgment is appropriate is where the moving party shows the court that there is no dispute as to the material facts of the case. Therefore, where there is a factual dispute it is improper for the court to grant summary judgment. A factual dispute is where a reasonable jury hearing the case could decide for either party.

The court in this case acknowledged that it is undisputed that Hernandez had a duty and that this duty was breached by Hernandez. However, to prove a case for negligence the plaintiff must show causation. Therefore, to establish if there was a factual dispute in this case, the court must examine the requirements of proximate cause.

To prove proximate cause the plaintiff must prove that the defendant’s breach of duty was a substantial factor to the injuries the plaintiff suffered. Next, plaintiff must show that a reasonably prudent person would be able to foresee that as a result of their action, the plaintiff could sustain the type of injuries sustained.truck accident attorneys

Because plaintiffs could not show that Hernandez could have foreseen a car accident four hours after the time that he made the illegal u-turn, this court affirmed the summary judgment of the district court. Plaintiffs were therefore unable to collect damages from the Hernandez defendants. For more information visit this website

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