8 Easy Tips To Finding The Right Toilet

8 Easy Tips To Finding The Right Toilet

Maybe you’re building a house, or you’re remodeling. With the all the things you’re thinking about, the toilet probably doesn’t seem too important. However, don’t forget about the toilet, a true hallmark of a civilized home. Following a few straightforward steps can help you find a toilet that is right for you, both functionally and aesthetically. Remember, all toilets are not built the same!toilets

Look for this in a toilet:

1). The toilet bowl’s shape: You can choose an elongated shape or a round one. The round front tends to be two inches shorter, and works well for smaller spaces. The larger elongated front is more comfortable and sanitary, since there is less drip on the toilet. For more information

2). The toilet size: There are lots of choices, with different lengths, widths and heights To get a comfortable fit, make sure you measure the available space. Don’t forget about the rough-in space – the distance of the bowl’s center to the finished wall – as this too will determine the toilet’s maximum size.

3). The toilet trapway’s size: The trap way is that part of the toilet that through which the water and waste exit. The smallest size available passes through waste of a 1.5 inch diameter. Larger trapways make it less likely that the toilet will get clogged.

4). How the toilet flushes: In the US, by law all toilets must have a 1.6 gallon tank to conserve water. However, you do still have some choices. In gravity fed toilets, the weight of the water from the tank pushes the waste through an S shaped trap way, as the siphon that is created empties the bowl. For a little extra flushing help, pressure assisted toilets use compressed air in the toilet tank. When flushing, the pressurized air pushes the water more strongly into the bowl, resulting in a better flush. On the downside, besides the bigger expense, these toilets tend to be noisier and harder to repair.

5). 1 or 2 piece toilets: For the budget minded, toilets consisting of the two separate pieces of toilet bowl and tank are appropriate. There are up to six parts in a one piece toilet that seamlessy make it up. These have a bit more style to them (with a correspondingly more expensive price tag), and need less space and are easier to clean.

6). Ease of maintaining: Many higher end toilets are built explicitly for ease of maintenance. For instance, Toto, an innovative Japanese manufacturer, has SanaGloss, a ceramic glaze which prevents bacteria and mold buildup, making the toilet easy to clean. American Standard has its EasyClean feature. The designers at Kohler have come up with an insulated liner that prevents moisture from condensation on the toilet tank’s outside.toilet rpairs

7). Appearance: While a toilet needs to work well, it also needs to look good in your bathroom. It’s a good thing that modern toilets are available in a wide array of styles, sizes and colors. This can come at a price – for instance, non-white toilets tend to be more expensive. One approach you may to consider is to choose a toilet that is part of a bathroom suite, thus ensuring that are the fixtures are in harmony.

8). What else?: If you’re willing to spend the money, you can get a fancy toilet with a built in bidet, heated seat or air drying system. Kohler Comfort Height toilets have a higher seat, making sitting down and standing easier.

You’re now ready to go and choose your perfect toilet.
Rob Barnes writes for All About Toilets, a consumer guide to choosing perfect toilets for your home, reviewing styles such as low flow toilets. More information on this website

Bird Hunting is my Passion – Enjoy the Great Outdoors

Bird Hunting is my Passion – Enjoy the Great Outdoors

Monday, September 3, 2012

As normal for day three, the alarm rang forty-five minutes later than the first two days. Everyone dragged to the truck, sore and tired. But luckily the fresh spot is full of birds and everyone loosened up with the excitement of immediate action. This is a very wide dunefield and they elect to both travel east to west, with Charles to the south and Charity to the north. Charity takes her first and only bird of the day within 10 minutes of leaving the truck. The bird got up front and center, but she failed to disengage the safety at the first shot attempt, but then recovered in time to get a shot off as it veered over to her left. She wasn’t sure if it connected, but swore she saw the bird waver as it topped the dune, so they headed back in the direction of the truck. Mae found the bird and licked the blood and feathers, hesitating a bit on the retrieve. She was called off of the bird and Sue was sent in. The strong natural retrieve is Sue’s greatest gift.bird hunting

Simultaneously, Charles enters his area, pushing another nice mule deer buck out of his resting place and hits the jackpot not long after, putting up a flock of 12 grouse, which was the only large group of the whole trip. The birds head east, the opposite direction of our intended march, but birds don’t follow our puny human plans, now do they? As he comes into the marked area where he thought they landed, the dogs loop to the west of the dune and he elects to go east, hoping to pin the wily critters down. Out of nowhere, Sam starts barking, which is never a response to birds. While Sam is barking his head off (which Charity could hear in the distance and was hoping everything was okay), a lone grouse flushes behind Charles that he quickly swings behind and kills, marking the bird down and leaving it lay to figure out the source of Sam’s anxiety. Just as he turns back from the bird to look at Sam and his yucca problem, BB emerges from behind the plant with a face full of porcupine quills. Charles pinned BB down and pulled out quills from her face and paw, while Sam continued his barking but learning the porky lesson long ago, Charles was confident Sam wouldn’t tangle with it.Texas bird hunting Once he released BB from her operation, she immediately went and found the bird for the retrieve while Charles called Sam off of the barking spasm.

Charity continued west through the dunes, having a few groups of 3-4 get up both in and out of range within a span of a half hour, but the shots didn’t come together. She spent another hour heading west towards a couple of windmills and a lone tree, but saw nothing.

The team of Charles, Sam and BB eased along the southern ridgeline that Charity had covered to the north and pushed birds into. One got up that he missed, but a second bird jumped that he put a pellet into. It soared a hundred yards away, but it was obviously hit because one leg was hanging limp despite its efforts to escape. They worked over to where it was down and BB found and pointed it, but the bird hadn’t given up the fight. It flushed again and with a close range going away shot, Charles had no problem bagging it. They worked their way further into the area that Charity had busted up and a grouse charged them out of nowhere, flying up over a dune straight at them. Needless to say, Charles’s limit was taken care of in that salvo.texas quail hunting

Despite the remote location, they were within cell phone range and Charles texted that he had his limit and was coming to get her. She made her way to the windmill by the lone tree and he drove the truck to pick her up, just in time to head back to town to fix the kids some lunch.

Charles shows the neighborhood boys, along with son, Conrad, on left, how to breast out a sharptail grouse

To rank on Google a great Backlink Strategy is needed

To rank on Google a great Backlink Strategy is needed

A key point for SEO success that everybody is talking about is creating more inbound links to your website. The best way to get good links is to find highly relevant websites and ask them to set up a link to your website. While this research for relevant links can be very time consuming, it is also very rewarding in the amount of traffic it can generate for your website. It involves going on a tedious hunt through related or similar websites, contacting the right people there and offering to set up reciprocal links. These free links, once established, are often the life-blood of a stable internet marketing campaign.  seo ranking on google

It’s seems simple, but many of these website owners, especially the one with a PR site will on many occasions ignore your request. But if you can show the benefit to linking to one of your good content page, a good majority of them will accept your request.

These site owners will want reciprocal links back to their sites; you must be willing to place a link somewhere on your own website (usually a links page) in order to set these up. In fact, it is best to set up a reciprocal link from your own website before contacting the other person. It costs you nothing and makes it harder for the person you are asking to say “no” or to ignore your request. We do not recommend putting links on your home page or in areas where the link will distract from the focus of your site.

This is an everyday task and it requires patience and perseverance to get ultimate result. But when implemented right you will see some dramatic result in terms of traffic.

A good example is a link from a highly popular website like; free internet marketing courses to our search engine optimization page doubled the traffic to our website overnight.digital marketing agengy

The same sort of paid text link ads are also available from Text Link Brokers and Link Adage. For a free, downloadable eBook (an Adobe PDFfile) on why linking matters and how to set up your own effective linking strategy, go to this site, Linking Matters and download their free report. It’s well worth the time it takes to read and understand linking as part of a strategy for getting people to your site and to raise your visibility in the search engines.

LinkPartners.com is a free directory of websites that swap links with other websites. Useful for finding and setting up links to relevant websites.

ReciprocalMarketing.com offers a cheap way to buy reciprocal links – they charge a dollar per link and you get to set which categories of links you want and don’t want. They automate the whole process. You set your monthly budget for how many links you can afford.

If you have feedback (negative or positive) about any of the above, please let us know about it.
Note: Some of these link resources have free options, some don’t. All of them are either paid or reciprocal in some way. If you choose to go with one of these, take a look after a few weeks at who is newly linking to you for the quality of the links it gets you. And, keep checking for a few months whether it has helped you at all, either by sending in more traffic or improving your rank. Not all links are equal, so do take a good look at what you are getting for your membership.

Make it easy for people to link to your site. You can set up a page that has the code linking to your site, so they can paste it into their HTML.

Tags: traffic, blogging resources, blog basics, seo, alexa, marketing, blog marketing, link exchange, search engine optimization, website design

Auto accident checklist: Tips on what to do following a car accident

Auto accident checklist: Tips on what to do following a car accident

Hopefully you will never be involved in an auto accident or need to file an insurance claim. Even the most careful and skilled drivers, however, can easily find themselves in the middle of a crash. Would you know what to do? Knowledge of what to do after the car accident can help make the insurance claims process easier and smoother so that you are back on the road faster.car accident attorney

If you are in an auto accident:

1. Try to stay calm, stop your vehicle and check for injuries. The life and health of you, your passengers and the other people involved in the accident is far more important than the vehicle itself.

2. If required, call the police and let them know of the accident, your location, how many people are involved, whether there are injuries and the types of injuries.

3. You may wish to take reasonable steps to protect yourself, and your vehicle, from further damage. Where possible and if legal, move the autos to the side of the road and turn on your hazards as soon as it is safe. If you have flares, you may wish to use them to warn oncoming traffic and to prevent additional crashes.

4. Taking lots of notes is a good practice, like:

ï the date, time and location of the accident
ï how the accident occurred sometimes a drawing is worth a thousand words and can help enhance what youíve noted
ï the type and location of damage to your car
ï the type and location of damage to the other cars or property involved
ï the names, addresses and contact information of all drivers and passengers involved in the accident
ï drivers license numbers and all the information on the licenses
ï insurance identifications including the name of the insurance company and policy number
ï the names, addresses and contact information of witnesses
ï the names and badge numbers of police officers or other first response personnel

(Being able to take notes is important so keep a pen and pad in your glove compartment, just in case.)

5. You may wish to ask the police officer when and where you can get a copy of the accident report. There’s a good chance you will need it when you submit your insurance claim to your insurer.personal injury lawyers

6. Its usually a good idea to call your insurance company right away and report the accident because the sooner they know about the crash the quicker they can start working to resolve your insurance claim. As well, they’ll be able to explain the next steps, like where to have the car towed if necessary and arrange for an adjuster to come out and appraise the damage before any repair work is done.

7. There are a couple of don’t you might want to consider like don’t discuss the financial limits of your auto insurance policy and avoid discussing the responsibility for the accident or circumstances of the accident with anyone other than the police or a representative of your insurance company.

Auto accidents take a significant toll on everyone involved. But, if you stay calm, make safety your priority and follow the above tips, you will get through the ordeal of being in an accident and submitting an insurance claim.

Adult treatment – Invisalign and beyond

Adult treatment – Invisalign and beyond

As an adult, you decide that you want to have the beautiful smile you have always dreamed of. Maybe you missed out on braces as a child; perhaps your teeth looked fine for years, but have worsened over time; perhaps you had braces, but didn’t wear your retainers? Whatever the reason, let us show you how your smile can be improved.

First step – straighten crooked teeth
This is what we do at Invisible Braces. Using Invisible Braces (Invisalign) we can treat crowding, spacing, crossbites, overbites, overjets, open bites, etc.

Some before and after examples:orthodontists

On average, straightening teeth with Invisible Braces (Invisalign) takes 12-18 months. This is then followed by night-time wear of retainers to hold the teeth in their new positions.

For detailed information about Invisalign Invisible Braces, please visit our FAQ page.

What else can be done?
For many patients, that is all that is needed, but for some there is much more that can be done to make the resulting smile even better. Orthodontists do not work alone – we collaborate with the patient and their dentist to achieve the best result possible. It depends what you want.

Here are examples showing how dentistry can improve your smile, even if you now have straight teeth. These would usually be discussed at your initial consultation in our practice.

Yellowed teeth – can be bleached

Gum disease – needs periodontics

Worn/broken teeth – need repair

Calculus/tartar build-up – needs professional cleaning

1. Bleaching
A simple, safe way to improve the colour of stained or discoloured teeth. You can use your Invisalign Aligners or your retainers to bleach your teeth at home. Bleaching usually takes 1-2 weeks, and lasts 1-5 years between applications.

We can supply, and advise about bleaching products.

2. Gum disease
This is not a single problem, and can range from simple redness and swelling (gingivitis):

to severe periodontitis with bone loss, requiring specialist treatment by a periodontist:

This type of problem can be improved by grafting and other specialist techniques.

For detailed information read these articles from the U.S. National Library of Medicine or the Australian Dental Association (open in new windows).

3. Scaling
Hard deposits called ‘calculus’ form on most people’s teeth, especially around the lower incisors and the upper molars. These range in colour from whitish, to yellow, to black. They are normal – but must be removed.

Brushing will not remove or prevent the formation of calculus (tartar), nor will special toothpastes. Good oral hygiene will reduce the rate of calculus formation.

Once calculus/tartar is present, it needs to be removed professionally by your dentist or hygienist. Usually this will be done, as needed, at your regular dental check up, along with polishing to remove stains.

If left, the light coloured calculus that forms above the gums will lead to gingivitis, and the dark calculus below the gums will cause periodontitis. See Gum diseases above.

4. Cosmetic Dentistry
This is a topic which includes all the above treatments, plus veneers, crowns (caps), bridges, implants, bonding, reshaping, etc – in fact, everything that could be done to make your teeth look better.

It is not possible to cover all this, but here are a few examples.

Repairing worn or chipped teeth

The enamel on the outside of your teeth is very strong (the hardest part of the body) but it is brittle, like glass. Over time enamel can chip or wear down, especially if you grind your teeth or have a bad bite.

After your teeth are straight, your general dentist can smooth or repair these damaged areas with tooth coloured fillings, by bonding or filing.

Reshaping
Here, a small tooth, called a ‘peg lateral’, has been built up to the correct size with a veneer:

If you look closely, you will see that the larger tooth to the left has been smoothed down to improve its shape also.

Veneering
In this example, a discoloured, misshapen tooth has been veneered to improve its colour and shape.
The yellow/brown colour indicates a dead tooth – probably from trauma.

Non-vital bleaching

Sometimes bleaching alone is enough, but this has to be carried out by your dentist

Bleach is placed in the hole in the back of the dead tooth, where the nerve used to be.

5. Replace missing teeth
Missing teeth should be replaced for health as well as looks. Back teeth are essential for good chewing, better digestion, and healthy jaws and muscles. Front teeth are obviously important for aesthetics, but also contribute to good oral health.

There are several options to replace missing teeth, and these should be discussed with your general dentist, or a prosthodontist. Here is a simplified illustration showing two ways to replace a missing back tooth:

6. And beyond?
Beyond the realms of normal dentistry, there are other options to improve your smile, ranging from simple injections of cosmetic fillers or Botox, up to Plastic or Maxillo-Facial Surgery. As a specialist orthodontist these are not procedures we carry out, but we can advise you and provide recommendations or referrals.

For more information, the U.S. National Library of Medicine is a good place to start. Here are some other useful links:

American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

A pdf publication by the Australian Society of Orthodontists

General orthodontic information from the Australian Society of Orthodontists

and from the American Association of Orthodontists

and, finally, a blog about being an Invisalign patient, http://myinvisalignblog.com/about-me

A smile makeover can change the way you look at and to the world. Here are a few “celebrities” before and after.

But don’t overdo things, blindingly white teeth are not found in nature.

Now you know all about how to make a smile better, here is your homework. What can be done for this patient?

Don’t worry – he’s not a real patient. Just a professional photographic model!

Truck Accidents and Liability Issues – Who Pays

Truck Accidents and Liability Issues – Who Pays

Texas truck accident cases can seem very overwhelming because there is so much confusion over who is liable. personal injury attorneys

Is it the truck driver? The truck driver’s employer? Or some third party you are not even aware of?

Our experienced Texas injury attorneys can help you identify the responsible parties and prove your case.

Blood v. VH-1 Music First is a case arising from a car accident caused by a commercial truck. Dennis Hernandez (Hernandez) was a commercial truck driver for MTV Networks. While he was traveling northbound on I-57 in Illinois he approached traffic. In an attempt to avoid getting stuck in the traffic jam, Hernandez crossed the center median of the highway to get onto I-57 northbound. This u-turn on the highway caused a severe accident that left a four to five mile traffic jam starting where Hernandez made the u-turn causing the severe three car accident.

Four hours after the accident, traffic was still jammed because of the accident caused by the driver. Brothers Paul and David Blood (plaintiffs) were driving on I-57 in their vehicle when they approached the beginning of the traffic jam. Behind the blood car a T.E.A.M Logistics (Logistics) truck driven by Milinko Cukovic (Cukovic) came and smashed into the pack of the plaintiff’s car. This impact left David Blood seriously injured and Paul Blood deceased.

The Blood family filed personal injury lawsuits against Cukovic, and T.E.A.M Logistics. Logistics removed the case to federal court and entered a third-party complaint against Hernandez, MTV Networks and VH-1 Music First (Hernandez defendants). Logistics argued that because of the negligence of the Hernandez defendants which caused the first accident, the second accident occurred. The plaintiffs then added the Hernandez defendants in an amended complaint.

In order to prove a case for negligence, the plaintiff must prove by a preponderance of the evidence the four elements of negligence. The four elements of negligence are: the defendant had a specific duty of care; the defendant breached this duty of care; the defendant’s breach was the actual and proximate cause of the plaintiff’s injuries; and there are damages.

Upon hearing the case, the district court entered summary judgment for the Hernandez defendants. This district court found that the Hernandez defendants were not the proximate cause of the injuries the plaintiff’s sustained. The plaintiff’s appealed this case to the circuit court.

This court first analyzed the validity of the lower courts summary judgment. The only time summary judgment is appropriate is where the moving party shows the court that there is no dispute as to the material facts of the case. Therefore, where there is a factual dispute it is improper for the court to grant summary judgment. A factual dispute is where a reasonable jury hearing the case could decide for either party.

The court in this case acknowledged that it is undisputed that Hernandez had a duty and that this duty was breached by Hernandez. However, to prove a case for negligence the plaintiff must show causation. Therefore, to establish if there was a factual dispute in this case, the court must examine the requirements of proximate cause.

To prove proximate cause the plaintiff must prove that the defendant’s breach of duty was a substantial factor to the injuries the plaintiff suffered. Next, plaintiff must show that a reasonably prudent person would be able to foresee that as a result of their action, the plaintiff could sustain the type of injuries sustained.truck accident attorneys

Because plaintiffs could not show that Hernandez could have foreseen a car accident four hours after the time that he made the illegal u-turn, this court affirmed the summary judgment of the district court. Plaintiffs were therefore unable to collect damages from the Hernandez defendants. For more information visit this website

Unfortunately, automobile accidents are more common

Unfortunately, automobile accidents are more common

Unfortunately, automobile accidents are more common than you might think. In fact, in 2005 there were almost six and a half million auto accidents in the United States! More than 45,000 people were killed in those accidents and 2.9 million people were injured. That comes out to one death every thirteen minutes. The financial cost of those accidents is estimated to be more than 230 billion dollars.car accident attorney

Since auto collisions are so common, you may very well find yourself in the unfortunate position of being involved in an accident. If you are injured in the accident, you may want to hire a personal injury lawyer who is experienced in accident law.

A good car accident lawyer should be trained to sit down with you and listen to your case. It is important for your personal injury lawyer to pay attention all of the details that you provide him or her with in order to evaluate accident law it pertains to your specific case.

If your personal injury attorney advises you to settle your case, you should listen to him or her and hear the reasoning behind the suggestion, as applied to accident law. Its possible that you will disagrees with your lawyer after you listen to the reasoning.

Make sure that your decision has a basis in accident law, because that’s all that will matter in the courtroom. If you want to go to trial, your personal injury lawyer needs to know about that immediately so that they can further research the accident law involving your collision.

It is important, however, that you understand the nature of trials. Trials can be very time consuming and stressful. Additionally, your personal injury attorney will probably charge you for going to trial, and this type of representation could get very expensive, especially when dealing with accident law.

Your lawyer may be required to compile pieces of evidence that are time consuming to come up with. Such legal work could get very expensive very quickly, so make sure you are aware of your attorney’s fee structure so that you are 100% sure of your financial standings with him or her.truck accident attorneys

At the same time, if your attorney recommends that you go to trial, it is vital that you listen to his or her reasoning behind this decision as well. Often times a personal injury lawyer will want to go to trial in order to charge you more legal fee’s. Going to trial with no solid plan (which has accident law as its foundation) is a bad move. Make sure you communicate all of your concerns with your car accident attorney.

If you decide that you aren’t happy with your lawyer’s choice or their knowledge of accident law, you can hire another one.

However, make sure that your new personal injury lawyer has a strong background in accident law. Simply knowing accident law may not be enough; you should make sure that he or she has a ton of experience practicing accident law as well.

Organic First Page Rankings are your Lifeline

Organic First Page Rankings are your Lifeline

High organic search positions are very important for the success of a business. Creating a search engine campaign is not a just one-time process, it is something that must be monitored and maintained on a continual basis. Use the five tips below to help you maintain your rankings.seo san antonio

1. Think of your search engine positions as a stock portfolio.
There are many different factors to consider when optimizing your site for good search engine rankings. Usually, an upward trend is shown within the first few months of a new campaign. After a time, you’ll begin to notice some leveling-off. This is when you should monitor and protect your rankings with diligence, to prevent decline. As in your stock portfolio, don’t worry about short-term fluctuations, they are unavoidable. Measure and watch carefully your long-term fluctuations and trends. Compare each month with the last and note the changes. You must have in place a system to chart the overall performance on a monthly basis.

2. Keep a monthly measure of your search engine positions.
You may notice frequent changes in search engine scenery. Search engines oft-times tweak their algorithms, which can adversely or favorably affect your rankings. Also, data sets from the various “freshness” stages of search engines can also affect your rankings based on what is currently being used. Another factor is your competitors. They may be diligently monitoring their campaigns and keeping their sites optimized as well. Changes are inevitable but, being proactive can protect your investment.

3. Watch the popular engines closely.
Most traffic is funneled though the top search engines by popularity. But, be aware that lists of the top ten of search engines can fluctuate and change often. Search engines that were popular not too many years ago may not even make the list today. Keep apprised of the most recent trends in search engine popularity. Base your monitoring strategies on the current most popular engines and research their popularity often.

To get a recent listing of popular engines, visit: http://www.searchenginewatch.com/reports/netratings.html.

4. Keep an eye out for big losses on specific engines.
Although it’s common for there to be a variety of losses and gains in each month, large downward shifts in many or all of your rankings should be investigated. Spiders, programs that allow search engines to index web pages, may have encountered problems with your site. Examine any recent changes in your navigational structure or code as they may be to blame. Another reason might be a spider visiting your site when it was temporarily down. Huge shifts may also occur if a search engine decided to overhaul its algorithms; this may result in the need for extensive site restructuring. And lastly, you may see shifts due to search engines shifting alliances, an example of which is a recent switchover by Yahoo in displaying Google results. Determine the reason and then work to solve your issues.san antonio seo

5. Examine your keywords and phrases for popularity shifts.
If you’re in a unique and widely untapped niche, you might enjoy very nice page rankings. But, be aware, if your niche suddenly gets flooded with new competitors, this could increase the popularity of your keywords and phrases which would result in a loss of ranking. Be sure you show particular attention to your keywords and phrases as they are the building blocks to building a successful campaign.

These tips can help you protect your investment and maintain success in your business venture and marketing campaign. Take the advice and work diligently to maintain your site rankings. You’ll find that this will keep your business successful and you in profits for a long time to come.
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From A Cops Mouth – The do’s and Don’ts in a traffic stop

From A Cops Mouth – The do’s and Don’ts in a traffic stop

Found this article about how to get out of a speeding ticket and get a warning only. In what he calls an “educational video” that’s widely circulated on YouTube, comedian Chris Rock offers advice on what to do when you get pulled over for a traffic violation.

Obey the law” he says. “Stop immediately” and “stay in your car with your hands on the wheel.” Finally, “if your woman is mad at you, leave her at home. There’s nothing she’d like to see more than you getting your [you-know-what] kicked.”traffic law attorney

It’s a dead-on spoof of a hard truth: Respect authority. If you don’t, you increase the odds of a pricey ticket.

“Everything in that video is absolutely true,” said Sgt. Matthew Koep of the South Plainfield, N.J., Police Department. “It’s funny, but it’s accurate.”

Citizens who are generally law-abiding are likely to come into contact with the police only under two circumstances: If you’re a crime victim or you get pulled over for a traffic violation.

Police officers are not out to make your life miserable, but to make sure you’re following the rules of the road and not endangering yourself or those around you.

With a few exceptions, and an egregious traffic violation is top among them, cops aren’t mandated to write tickets. Most would rather send you on your way with a friendly warning — that can save you time and money.

But handle the situation with an aggressive or arrogant attitude and you can expect to squeeze an expensive court date into your busy schedule.

Play nice

First rule: don’t argue.

“I get this all the time,” said Karen Rittorno, a nine-year veteran with the Chicago Police Department. “‘What are you stopping me for? I didn’t do nothing.’ If they try to take charge of the traffic stop, they’re not going to get out of it without a ticket,” she said. “We ask the questions, not them.”

Accept that the police have caught you doing something that’s against the law, such as speeding or gliding through a stop sign.

“All we do is react to what people do when you pull them over,” said Dennis Fanning, a homicide detective and veteran officer with the Los Angeles Police Department. “We don’t instigate the stuff, but we will react to you. The situation will escalate or de-escalate depending on how that person reacts.”

To argue with cops is akin to calling them idiots. Don’t do that. “That’s implying that I pulled you over for no reason and that bothers me,” Koep said.
Keep it honesttraffic ticket attorney

Don’t lie, either. Cops are trained to note the human characteristics of lying, including twitching and looking to the left, and they know the right questions to ask to suss out the truth.

Fanning estimates that nine out of 10 people lie to him. “It’s an attack on our intelligence,” he said.

Moreover, the truth can set you free. Koep recalled an incident when he pulled a young guy over for speeding.

“He looks straight at me and says, ‘You know, officer, I wasn’t even paying attention. I just had the best date of my life. I just met my future bride. I’m just on cloud nine right now.’

“The guy was completely serious,” Koep said. “How are you going to write that guy up after that? Who makes that kind of stuff up?”

Of course, don’t use pejoratives when addressing the police, unless you’re eager for a ticket. But other words may backfire, too. Rittorno works in a crime-ridden section of Chicago where the majority of people she pulls over for traffic violations don’t have licenses or insurance, she said.

“So I get a lot of, ‘I’m sorry, baby. I didn’t mean it, sweetheart,'” she said. “I hate being called ‘baby’ or ‘sweetheart.’ I’m ‘officer’ to you.”

The police don’t like being talked over, either. “Be polite,” said Chicago Officer Mike Thomas. “You have your rights as a citizen, too, but it doesn’t do you any good to talk while he’s talking.”

Cops know that people are nervous when they get pulled over, and they expect a certain amount of jumpiness when they approach a car. Rittorno even admitted she’s intimidated in the same situation. “I’m the police and I get scared if I get pulled over,” she said.

But did you know they’re on edge, too? You know who they are, but they don’t know whether you’re a good guy or a bad guy. “The only thing on his mind when he approaches you is safety,” Thomas said. “You know you don’t have a gun in your lap, but the officer doesn’t know it.”

Rittorno, for one, said she assumes everyone has a gun. “I’m always on 10,” she said, referring to her high level of vigilance. “I take it down depending on their demeanor or what I see.”

Stay calm

When those headlights go on, it’s best to pull the car to the right, stay in the car, turn the interior lights on if it’s dark and put your hands on the steering wheel.moving violations law

Don’t make any quick movements, and don’t turn to grab your purse or put your hands in your pocket or under your seat to retrieve your license — until the officer instructs you to. Then, do it slowly.

Don’t move to open the glove box either, until directed. And do that slowly, too. Let the police shine a light inside the box before you reach in. Many criminals hide guns in glove boxes.

“What’s going to cause the situation to get worse is for the fear factor to rise in that officer,” Koep said. “The officer is more likely to cut you a break as long as you can reduce that fear. …If you’re friendly with me, not arguing or denying what happened, that lowers the fear factor and will make me a lot more cooperative with you.”

Don’t boast about who you know, either. That can infuriate cops. They consider it a veiled threat to their livelihoods. Fortunately, most municipalities have laws in place to insure that an officer is not fired or reprimanded for ticketing, say, the mayor’s daughter.

Finally, never try to buy off a cop. “In those instances where they’ve offered me a bribe,” Fanning said. “I loved making those arrests.”
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Welcome to the interesting world of plumbing!

Welcome to the interesting world of plumbing! Plumbing Tips.

Welcome to the interesting world of plumbing! Plumbing involves a variety of specialized techniques, knowledge and equipment. Plumbing is a personal issue when dealing with home improvement, oftentimes making it seem somewhat difficult to find a solution that works for you. The tips laid out here can provide you with some suggestions.plumbing services

To prevent pipes from freezing, don’t let temperatures drop under freezing in your home, and insulate external pipes. Pipes can freeze when the ambient temperature in the area of the pipes dips below freezing. At best, it can take time for them to thaw and for you to be able to have running water. The other option is the pipes may burst, which would result in significant repair costs and a mess to clean up.

Septic Tank

If you possess pipes that are alive with the sound of squeaking or hammering, you have an issue that is easily corrected. Exposed pipes will have to be anchored. If these pipes on the ceiling, or in the floors or walls, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you finish the project.

TIP! If any water pipe that you have freezes, be sure to turn on the faucet that is closes to the pipe to give the water an exit as the pipe thaws. This can prevent damage to your house because it lets the pressure that is in the pipe out, and keeps it from bursting.toilet rpairs

Pump out your septic tank at least every five years to keep it in proper working condition. Doing so will help to avoid septic tank problems by ensuring that the tank does not become clogged with sediment. Pumping a septic tank might cost a lot of money, but it will cost your more money to clean any back up in sewage you may have had, and replacing your septic tank costs even more!!

Knowing all your different tools and how they are used will be a great help when you work on a plumbing job. Read the instructions, which many people overlook, and check out the internet which has many resources to help with plumbing issues. Make sure that, before you jump in and start taking things apart, you plan your plumbing repair first.

If you discover a problem with the garbage disposal, don’t ever reach into it with your hands to attempt to fix it. Garbage disposals always pose a possible threat, even when powered off or non-working all together. Locate your garbage disposal manual, or do an Internet search for troubleshooting advice and a diagram that illustrates your model.

Pump your septic tank about once every five years, to make sure it is working well. Septic systems can back up when the septic tank builds up sediment. This can even result in the septic system failing altogether. Getting your septic tank drained occasionally may be expensive, but it’s dirt cheap compared to the cost of repairing a damaged septic system or the cleanup cost when raw sewage backs up into your home.

TIP! Do not put any oil, fat, or greasy foods or products in your sink. Oils will eventually harden and clog up your drain.

There are many skills and techniques to learn to become an accomplished plumber. The plumbing world has something for everyone, but what is workable for one system might not be for another. Hopefully, the plumbing tips mentioned here gave you a place to start with your own system. More information here: